Here are some of the ways the Truth & Lies clips have been explained at interview and at court by Triangle interviewers and intermediaries.

At Interview

At the start of the ABE a verbal explanation can be given (if the child is not in the room for the setup, which is now routine in many areas for the target group of the app - young children or children with communication impairments)

At the start or end of the ABE the clip can be played on the ipad (or phone or laptop) and filmed close up so it is on the interview DVD.

When showing the clip to the child there is no need to try and focus the camera on the clip, keep filming the child.

The words on the clip will also be audible on the recording (eg. ‘Did you take my sweet?’ ‘No’. The child may well provide a commentary themselves (‘Oh he nicked her sweet, that's naughty’)

At trial where clips have been used in the ABE interview

The start of the ABE is shown, including a close up of the clip, and/or

The intermediary or OIC have explained to counsel and the judge at a ground rules hearing, and/or

The OIC or prosecuting counsel or judge has explained to the jury, and/or

The OIC has been in the witness box while the interview is played, to give explanations of this and other communication aids used, and/or

The court clerk has played the clip to the court before the ABE interview is shown

At trial where clips have been used by the judge as part of competency assessment

The judge has viewed the clip(s) beforehand and given approval, and/or

The judge has shown the clip to the child when they meet them with counsel pre-trial (in some courts this is audio recorded) and/or

The judge has given an explanation to the jury, then asked the intermediary to show the clip to the child in the livelink room, then based his truth/lies questions on the clip

Example paragraphs for intermediary reports

(for interview) the child's understanding of truth and lies should be explored through a brief filmed example rather than a verbal example (the intermediary will provide). A reason can be given e.g. to reduce cognitive load, to minimise language processing, to avoid pretending or 'story telling', to save time if child has short attention span etc.

(at trial) if the judge requires it the child's understanding of truth and lies should be explored through a brief filmed example rather than a verbal example (the intermediary will provide).